“One of the most substantial houses in the Springville community.”
White Plains is a square, frame, weatherboard-clad residence with a low-pitched hip roof. The foundation, once brick piers, has been infilled with cement block. The house, which is said to have been constructed ca. 1822, has undergone several periods of significant remodeling. The first, in about 1839, was when Thomas P. Lide purchased the house and the second, in the late 1840s or early 1850s was undertaken with the assistance of a northern architect named J. L. Klickner.
Much of the ornament and character of the building resulted from the latter effort by Klickner. The house was originally L-shaped. Lide enclosed what was a rear piazza and squared the house by adding a central rear hall, with inside stair, connected to one in the front part of the house which shows evidence of being part of the original plan; a long room on the first floor; and a small room above. The resulting plan of the house is four rooms over four rooms with a central hall.
The rooms from one floor to the next, however, are not necessarily of uniform size and shape. The principal facade, southeast elevation, of the house presents a symmetrical handling of the fenestration with five bays on the first story and four on the second.
Formerly,there was a blind window on the center of the second story but it was very badly deteriorated and was subsequently removed. On the first story two French-type windows on each side of the central door open onto the porch; above these windows are two-light transoms. The single-leaf central door has two parallel vertical lights on the upper half and two smaller recessed bottom panels below the lock rail. Above the door is a semicircular fanlight capped by a low-pitched, peaked architrave. At one time there was a two-story porch, but this was replaced during one of the nineteenth century remodelings by a one-story, hipped-roof porch which spans the facade and wraps around both side elevations (the northeast elevation has three bays and the southwest elevation five bays). The hipped roof is supported by square posts and has a boxed cornice with paired brackets. The balustrade, the same design that occurs at two other Springville, properties, the John M. Lide House and the John W. Lide House (see inventory forms), features arcaded, small square balusters and U-shaped top rail. The second story of the facade has paired nine-over-nine, double-hung sash windows and a broad freize with paired Italianate brackets supporting a boxed cornice. The roof has a square arcaded balustrade widow’s walk at its apex; a glassed cupola was removed in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century. Twin massive interior chimneys of a Greek cross design bracket the widow’s walk. The northeast chimney was moved to its present position when the northeast rooms were added. The side elevations have nine-over-nine, double-hung
sash windows on both stories. The southwest elevation contains five bays of the wraparound porch which culminates in a one-story appendage; the fifth porch bay opens onto the facade porch. The fenestration of this elevation is symmetrically arranged with four nine-over-nine, double-hung sash windows on each story. The northeast elevation differs somewhat in that the northeast first floor room extends to the full depth of the porch and has two smaller nine-over-nine windows. The other two windows of the first story and the four second story windows are the same as the other side elevation.
The rear elevation has a full-width, one-story appendage with a small hip-roofed, central appendage above it at the level of the interior stair landing. Paired nine-over-nine, double-hung sash windows bracket this small appendage. The interior features paneled wainscoting with graining in five of the six original rooms (the exception is the southwest first floor room which has a one-piece pine board wainscoting) and hall, carved plaster cornices, and flushboard ceilings. The stairhall and entrance hall are of different widths; this reflects the addition of the northeast rooms. A dog-leg stair with a bathroom addition at the landing dominates the rear hall. At the point that the front hall adjoins the stairhall is a flat arch with a peaked intrados supported by pilasters. There are three outbuildings in the immediate vicinity of the house. One of these, a single-pen log crib with gable roof, is probably antebellum; the other two buildings are of modern construction.
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANCE
White Plains, also known as the Thomas P. Lide House, is one of the most substantial homes in Springville and is the only remaining building of that community west of Black Creek. This house is said to have been built about 1822 by Isaiah DuBose at which time it was a two-story, L-shaped building of three rooms per story.2
Thomas P. Lide purchased the property around 1839 at which time he evidently began an extensive remodeling program that continued into the 1850s.3 Thomas Lide was one of the most active and involved members of the Springville community. He was not only community oriented, perennial president of the Darlington Agricultural Society and incorporator of the Springville Academy, but offered his talents in service to the state as well. He was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1862-1864 and of the South Carolina Senate, 1864-1865. He also was a trustee of Furman University and director of the Cheraw and Darlington Rail road.4
(1) A northern architect named J. L. Klickner was employed in the Darlington area before the Civil War and worked for a number of the region’s prominant families. Ervin, Par!ingtoniana, p. 349.
(2) Ibid. p. 412.
(3) Ibid., p. 413; Coker, “Springville,” pp. 209-210; Deed Book N., pp. 325-26, Darlington County Courthouse.
(4) Emily B. Reynolds and Joan R. Faunt, Biographical Directory of the Senate of the State of South Carolina, 1776-1964 (Columbia, S. C.: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1964), pp. 60, 257-258.
From the application for the National Historic Register.
When reading the “Letters to Santa” we see the innocence of childhood in its purest form. Their undertones can express a range of emotions from sadness to funny stories. Notes sent to Santa are an unlikely lens through which to understand the past, offering a peek into the worries, desires and quirks of the times in which they were written. They serve as a “snapshot in time” representing that moment in a child’s life where hope, faith and the promise of the Christmas season, come together as the crescendo of anticipation.
Today we want to share the unselfish “Letter to Santa” written by Cephus Homer Odom. Cephus was born in the Swift Creek Community of Darlington County in 1919. We know that Cephus was a member at the Swift Creek Baptist Church and was likely a student at the Swift Creek School. At the age of 8 the Darlington News & Press reprinted his letter.
Dear Santa Claus:
I am a little boy eight years old, and going to school and like it fine. Please bring me a drum if you have one to spare and some fruits and candy and anything you have to spare. Hope you have a plenty for all boys and girls.
CEPHAS ODOM (Swift Creek Community)
We know that Cephus went on to serve in WWII and was later employed with the Coca-Cola bottling company for nineteen years. He went on to work for the Darlington County Detention Center and retired in 1979 as Chief Booking Officer.
Cephas Homer Odom at his desk at the Darlington County Detention Center prior to 1979.
Attached in the photos you will find a photograph of Mr. Odam as well as a pedigree chart showing his ancestors. Mr. Odom died in 1994 and was laid to rest in the Swift Creek Baptist Church Cemetery.
His unselfish letter to Santa caused us to look into his life and we found a man who answered the call to serve his country during the world’s time of need. His work history shows him to have been a hardworking provider and his dedicated service to the Detention Center as a citizen who served his community.
A Christmas Story from the French of DeCoppet
Not long ago there lived in the city of Marseilles an old shoemaker, loved and honored by all his neighbors, who called him “Father Martin.” One Christmas eve Father Martin, who had been reading the story of the three wise men who brought their gifts to the infant Jesus, said to himself: “If only tomorrow were the first Christmas day and the Savior were coming to this world tonight how I would serve and adore him! I know very well what I would give him.”
He arose and took from a shelf two little shoes. “Here is what I would give him, my finest work. How pleased his mother would be! But what am I thinking of?” he continued, smiling. “Does the Savior need my poor shop and my shoes?” But that night Father Martin had a dream. He thought that the voice of Jesus himself said to him: “Martin, you have wished to see me. Watch the street tomorrow from morning until evening, for I shall pass your way.” “When he awoke the next morning, Father Martin, convinced that what he had dreamed would surely take place, hastened to put his shop in order, lighted his fire, drank his coffee and then seated himself at the window to watch the passersby.
The first person he saw was a poor street sweeper, who was trying to warm himself, for it was bitter cold. “Poor man” said Martin to himself. “He must be very cold. Suppose I offer him a cup of coffee.”? He tapped on the window and called to the man, who did not have to be urged to accept the steaming coffee.
After watching in vain for an hour Father Martin saw a young woman, miserably clothed, carrying a baby, She was so pale and thin that the heart of the poor cobbler was touched, and he called to her. “You don’t look very well,” he said.
“I am going to the hospital,” replied the woman. “I hope they will take me in with my child. My husband is at sea, I am sick and haven’t a cent,” “Poor thing!” said the old man. “You must eat some bread while you are getting warm. No? Well, take a cup of milk for the little one. Come, warm yourself and let me take the baby. Why! – “You haven’t put his shoes on.”
“He hasn’t any,” sighed the woman. “Wait a minute. I have a pair.” And the old man brought the shoes which he had looked at the evening before and put them on the child’s feet. They fitted perfectly.
Hour after hour went by, and although many people passed the window, the Master did not come. When it grew dark the old man sadly began to prepare his humble supper. “It was a dream,” he murmured. “Well, I did hope. But he has not come.” After
supper he fell asleep in his chair. Suddenly the room seemed full of the people whom he had aided daring the day, and each one asked of him In turn: “Have you not seen me?”
“But who are you?” cried the shoemaker to all these visions. Then the little child pointed to the Bible on the table, and his rosy finger showed the old man this passage: “Whosoever shall receive one of these little ones receiveth me.” “I was hungery and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty and ye gave me drink; I was a stranger and ye took me in. . . . Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren ye have done it unto me.”
From the Darlignton News & Press, December 11, 1919
From the Darlington New & Press, December 11, 1919.