Today in History – July 1

1941 – Darlington County, SC.  The Black Creek Protection Association is granted their State Charter.

General History:

1643 – First meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians (“divines”) and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London.

1782 – Raid on Lunenburg: American privateers attack the British settlement of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

1819 – Johann Georg Tralles discovers the Great Comet of 1819, (C/1819 N1). It was the first comet analyzed using polarimetry, by François Arago.

1855 – Signing of the Quinault Treaty: The Quinault and the Quileute cede their land to the United States.

1858 – Joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace’s papers on evolution to the Linnean Society in London.

1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place. It is the final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of George B. McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign.

1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg begins.

1870 – The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.

1879 – Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.

1881 – The world’s first international telephone call is made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.

1885 – The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.

1898 – Spanish–American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill is fought in Santiago de Cuba.

1903 – Start of first Tour de France bicycle race.

1916 – World War I: First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded.

1922 – The Great Railroad Strike of 1922 begins in the United States.

1931 – United Airlines begins service (as Boeing Air Transport).

1933 – Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles (25,099 km) in seven days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.

1942 – World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.

1963 – ZIP codes are introduced for United States mail.

1968 – The United States Central Intelligence Agency’s Phoenix Program is officially established.

1968 – Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL–CIO in the United States.

1972 – The first Gay pride march in England takes place.

1976 – Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.

1979 – Sony introduces the Walkman.

1984 – The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.

2007 – The Concert for Diana is held at the new Wembley Stadium in London and broadcast in 140 countries.

2007 – Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces.

2013 – Neptune’s moon S/2004 N 1 is discovered.

 

Births:

1807 – Thomas Green Clemson, American politician and educator, founded Clemson University (d. 1888)

1838 – William Paine Lord, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Oregon (d. 1911)

1858 – Willard Metcalf, American painter (d. 1925)

1899 – Thomas A. Dorsey, American pianist and composer (d. 1993)

1906 – Estée Lauder, American businesswoman, co-founded the Estée Lauder Companies (d. 2004)

1951 – Fred Schneider, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (The B-52’s and The Superions)

1951 – Victor Willis, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (Village People)

1961 – Diana, Princess of Wales (d. 1997)

 

Deaths:

1555 – John Bradford, English Reformer, prebendary of St. Paul’s, and martyr (b. 1510)

1774 – Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (b. 1705)

1860 – Charles Goodyear, American chemist and engineer (b. 1800)

1896 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author and activist (b. 1811)

1991 – Michael Landon, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1936)

1999 – Forrest Mars, Sr., American businessman, created M&M’s and the Mars bar (b. 1904)

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